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Previous Speakers

Sameh Mohamed Abouzeid

Sameh Mohamed Abouzeid

Theodor Bilharz Research Institute Egypt

M Barnard

M Barnard

University of Stellenbosch South Africa

Moataz Fatthy Abdelnaeem

Moataz Fatthy Abdelnaeem

Cairo University Egypt

Mahmoud Montasser

Mahmoud Montasser

East Kent Hospital UK

Gina Granger

Gina Granger

KGH Education Zone South Africa

Tetsuhiro Tanaka

Tetsuhiro Tanaka

University of Tokyo Hospital Japan

Margaret Williams

Margaret Williams

Nelson Mandela University South Africa

Colleen Davis

Colleen Davis

Vuselela Davis South Africa

Nephrology Meet 2019

About the Conference

After the success of "Nephrology Meet 2018", ME Conference is going to organize it's next series “2nd International conference on Nephrology”  in Dubai, UAE during November 18-19, 2018.

Nephrology Meet 2019 targets the undiscovered phases of nephrology research which gives an inimitable chance to researchers all over the world to participate, share and perceive new thoughts and also exploration work. Conference highlights the theme “Technological Advancements in Nephrology for Healthy Living” focuses on understanding the unknown facts of the nephrology, its research and therapeutic approaches. This conference comprises the constituents of nephrology such as renal pathology-immunology, clinical nephrology, genetic syndrome, dialysis and renal care, kidney cancer, diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease, imaging and radiation technique, kidney transplantation, renal nutrition, inflammation and metabolism, urology/urinary tract infections, nephritis and onconephrology, new upgrade in diabetics and hypertension and many more. International conference on Nephrology the participation of students, impending researches as this conference is hosting young research forum and best poster award at the Nephrology Meet 2018. This scientific event welcomes the keynote speech and workshops from the prominent researchers who exceeds in this field of nephrology.

This conference is an incredible event which coordinate cooperatively a distinctive and International combination of nephrologists and kidney specialists from supreme research centre and universities designing the conference as an appropriate platform to share and exchange research, new ideas and experience regarding the renal treatment and kidney diseases, foster collaboration all over the academia and industry, and determine emerging technologies across the globe.

This scientific conference invites all the researchers, specialist, students and ambassadors to engage in our Nephrology conference to share and emphasize various research works and contribute to the vast growing field of Nephrology

TARGET AUDIENCE:

  • Nephrologists
  • Transplantation Specialists
  • Nephrology Researchers
  • Fellows or postdoctoral students
  • Nephrology Academicians
  • Emeritus
  • Young research scientists
  • Physicians
  • Business delegates
  • Medical Colleges
  • Nephrology association and societies
  • Manufacturing Medical Devices Companies
  • Training Institutes
  • Urologists

WHY TO ATTEND?

With the people from all over the world on learning and finding of nephrology and its advancement, this is the ultimate opportunity to participate in the best platform to meet the eminent Nephrologist. The scientific event is providing the platform to the researcher to showcase their studies and research work through presentation and providing incredible opportunity to acquire knowledge about the new trends and advancement in the kidney treatment and receive name recognition at this 3-day scientific event. World-renowned speakers, the recent development, technology and current renovation in the nephrology are hallmarks of this scientific conference.

Sessions

Track 01: Nephrology

Nephrology deals with the study or analysis of functions of the kidneys, its diseases, infections and treatment of various disorders. In addition to this it also deals with the factors that affect the normal functioning of the kidney and problems that arise due to improper functioning of the kidney. The nephrons present in the Kidneys filter, reabsorb, secrete and excrete the metabolic waste (urea and ammonia) from the blood & regulate osmolality & stimulation of red blood cell production. Kidneys independently participate in the whole-body homeostasis for maintaining acid-base balance, electrolyte concentration & blood pressure. Kidney performs this function with association Endocrine system called “renin-angiotensin-aldosterone” system. Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) means flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney. If a person has the GFR less than 15 they need to take dialysis treatment. Kidney releases various hormone including erythropoietin and the enzyme renin. Erythropoietin is released when the tissues have low level of oxygen, which will then stimulate the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. Activated form of vitamin-D called calcitriol present in the kidney promotes the absorption of calcium in the intestine and renal reabsorption of phosphate.

Track 02: Interventional Nephrology

Interventional Nephrology is a new and developing subspecialty of Nephrology that mostly deals with ultrasonography of kidneys and ultrasound-guided renal biopsy, insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters, tunneled dialysis catheters as a vascular access for patients experiencing hemodialysis and also percutaneous endovascular techniques performed to oversee dysfunction of arteriovenous fistulas or grafts in end stage renal disease patients. Traditionally, these procedures have been delegated to a variety of specialist with resultant delays in determination and commencement of therapy. To avoid the delays nephrologists have taken the initiative to perform these procedures themselves. Without a doubt, recent data have emphasized that nephrologists can securely and effectively perform these strategies with phenomenal results.

Track 03: Renal Transplantation & Multiple Organ Transplantation

Renal Transplantation is the method of treatment where the person in the End Stage Renal Disease. Generally the initial stages of the disease can be treated and transplantation is done only in the final stage of kidney disease where the kidney cannot perform its function further. In this method the affected person is treated with the replacement of healthy kidney. Deceased Donor transplantation is the method where the kidney is transplanted from the died person. In most cases the died individuals are strangers who wants to donate the kidney. Transplantation can also be done through living ones which could be genetically related person & different person. While dealing with the immunology, there might the chance of rejection due to incompatibility. Therefore the donor and recipient should be in the ABO blood group and cross match Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA) compatible. If a potential living donor is contrary with his/her recipient, the donor could be traded for a good kidney. To reduce the rejection rate during incompatible transplantation, ABO & HLA antibodies are reduced which recipient may have for the donor through desensitization procedure using intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). In early 1980s experimental protocols were performed for ABO incompatible transplants using increases amount of immunosuppression drugs. Panel Reactive test is a test which is done to measure the sensitization of the recipients. Multi organ transplantation is a surgical procedure where multiple organs are transplanted from the healthy single donor through series of operation. These cases are rare where the recipients have organ-specific failure and general disorders are considered for the multiple organ transplantation where all other treatment cannot be done to save the person. There are many causes for the failure of the multiple organs finally lead to the need for multiple organ transplants. In the renal disorders, kidney transplant mostly include transplant of pancreas also due to diabetes which affect the pancreas.     

Track 04: Blood Purification Techniques

 Dialysis is a treatment where the purification and filtration are done by the machine. This helps to make body balance when the kidneys lost their function. The main purpose of dialysis is that we all know the functions of the kidneys and if they lost their function then the excess salt and other waste product will not be cleared from the blood and will poison the body. However dialysis is not the permanent way to treat the kidney disease. “Hemodialysis” is one of the common types of dialysis in which doctors use artificial kidney to filter the blood and which will be done outside the body. Patient’s blood is drawn out through vascular access, filtered and again put it back to the patient.  There are two types of vascular access for long term dialysis and are arterivenous fistula (AV-fistula) which connects an artery and a vein and an AV graft and for short term treatment catheter is inserted in the large vein present in the neck of the patients.  Another type of dialysis known as “peritoneal dialysis” in which surgically implanted catheter located in the belly region will assists in the purification of blood. The catheter will contain special fluid in the abdomen which will purify the blood and removes waste from the blood.

Track 05: Diagnosis & Drugs used for Kidney Disease

 To detect or diagnose the kidney disease, doctor usually follow few test and are blood test where the blood is collected from the subjected patient and measured for amount of creatinine is present in the blood.  Through this the calculation is done according to your age, body weight and ethnic group to find out how many liters of waste your kidneys are able to filter in a minute.  This is known as estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR). A normally functioning kidney can filter about 90ml/min. Urine test is done to measure the amount of albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) in the urine. Along with eGFR this urine test will depict exact working condition of the kidney. Kidney Biopsy is a surgical procedure where small tissue from the infected kidney of the patient is taken and examined for any sign of damages present in the cells.

 For the most part we know the manifestations of the patient who is influenced by kidney sickness. In this way to repudiate the indications the medications are taken against the side effects. Anti-hypersensitive tablets are taken to lower the blood pressure which is caused by kidney disease. Diuretics tablet are taken since the damaged kidneys are unable to produce more. This drug will encourage and assists in producing more amount of urine.  Erythropoietin is a hormone which stimulates the production of Red blood cells in the bone marrow but persons with damaged kidney cannot secrete erythropoietin.  Hence erythropoietin injection is administered to stimulate the production of RBC. Likewise Vitamin D and phosphate binder drugs are used for production of calcium and maintain phosphate balance in the body respectively. Some of drugs listed here (lisinopril oral, Losartan oral, Cozaar oral, Avapro oral, Captopril oral)

Track 06:  Pediatric Nephrology

Pediatric nephrology is specialization of diagnosis & management of children with kidney diseases.  Different kidney infections like pediatric nephritis is clinically and genetically heterogeneous substance depicted by falling away from the faith, and relentless course with essential in suspiciousness and mortality happening as a result of complexities of the disorder itself, and its treatment.  Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease is a rare type of kidney disease (ARPKD) which occurs in the children. Since Kidney and liver manifestation progress different, the decision for transplantation is carefully taken because of rejection of organ might happen.

Track 07: Cardiovascular Nephropathy

Nephropathy is the damage or disease of the kidney. Diabetic nephropathy is that kidney disease which is caused by the diabetes. Kidney may have tiny blood vessels which filters the blood. High blood sugar from diabetes can disrupt and destroy this blood vessel and Glomerular Filtration Rate will enormously get decreased. As a result kidneys will no longer perform its function properly and lead to the renal failure stage. Cardiovascular disease and kidney disease are related to each other. Heart continuously sends oxygenated blood to the body and kidney performs filtration of waste from the blood. Therefore if any problem in the heart causes congestion of blood in the main vein which is connected to the kidney due to inefficiency of pumping. Due to this congestion kidney will not get oxygenated blood.  When kidney becomes impaired, hormone which regulates blood pressure goes in overdrive to increase the blood supply in the kidney. Now heart has to pump against this high pressure in the artery eventually suffers from overwork. Most common cause for both heart disease and kidney disease is diabetes and hypertension.  Hypertensive kidney disease is medical term referring to impairment of kidney due to chronic high blood pressure. Hence patients who have high blood pressure will be more vulnerable to the kidney diseases. Patients with kidney disease also advised to diagnose blood pressure level.

Track 08: Renal Cancer

  Kidneys have small lining of tubules which assist in absorption and purification of waste products. In the cancer case, tubules will contain malignant cells and which will affect the normal function of the kidneys. The most common type of kidney cancer is renal adenocarcinoma and is mostly seen in the age group of 50 to 70. Treatment for renal cell cancer includes immunotherapy, surgically removal of part of the infected kidney, molecular targeted therapy. There is a chance of getting kidney disease due to break down of cancer cells through chemotherapy. Cancer cells will die but it will affect the kidney and may cause injury to the kidney. Onconephrology is a branch of nephrology which deals with the relation between cancer and kidney function. Cancer patients are generally diagnosed for the activity of kidney and all other kidney function.

 Track 09: Kidney Inflammation

Nephritis is a term, which refers to inflammation of either one or both the kidneys which impaired kidney function. Inflammation happens generally in the glomeruli, tubules, or interstial tissues surrounding the glomeruli and tubules. There are two types of nephritis they are glomerulonephritis & tubo-interstitial nephritis. There are many reasons for nephritis and depending on the cause treatment will vary. Most common cause is the infections and toxins. Pyelonephritis is the inflammation in the kidney caused by urinary tract infection which reaches the pelvic region of the kidney. Pyelonephritis is generally caused by the bacteria present in the intestine.  Lupus nephritis is an inflammation to the kidney due to systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). SLE is an autoimmune disease where immune system mistakenly triggers immune response towards own body tissue. Athletic nephritis is due to strenuous exercise which may cause trauma to the red blood cell eventually lead to the rupture of RBC and release of hemoglobin in the urine.  Nephritis can produce glomeruli injury and as a result decreased Glomerular blood flow takes place. As the kidneys inflame, needed protein start secreting from the body in the urine stream. Loss of important protein from the body will lead many life threatening symptoms.

Track 10: Renal Nutrition & Metabolism

 Diet and nutrition are important part of living well with kidney disease. Patients who are affected by kidney disease should be more concerned about their diet and should follow the special dietary plans. Diet plan will vary according to the stage of kidney disease. Dialysis clinic will have dieticians who can plan the diet of the patient. Dietician will give complete guidance about daily intake of food. Normal food plan is that: high intake of protein containing food, less salt, high phosphorous & potassium foods. They are also advised to take safe fluid intake levels. This is because extra fluid can increase blood pressure and make heart to work harder eventually increasing the stress of dialysis treatment. More amount of sodium (salt) can make thirsty and intake of fluid will be more. Foods like banana, orange, potato and dried fruit must be avoided. Evaluation of food intake, particularly protein intake is monitored at a regular periodic interval to ensure the daily intake of protein which is important part for good quality of life. Since dialysis patient follow special diet plan, their diet may miss several vitamins. Dialysis also removes some vitamins from the body. The treating physician must prescribe vitamin tablets specially made for kidney disease patients.

Track 11: Urinary Tract Infection & Urology

Urology also referred to as genitourinary surgical procedure is branch of medicine which deals with the surgical and medical illness present in the urinary tract and infection in any part of the urinary tract is known as urinary tract infection. Depends on the place of infection it is named differently. When the infection happens in the lower urinary tract then it is called bladder contamination and when the infection is on the upper urinary tract then is referred to as pyelonephritis. An organ which comes under urology is kidneys, adrenal glands, urethra, uterus and male reproductive organ. Common illness consists of UTI, Urinary Stones, Urinary incontinence, benign prostatic hyperplasia. The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coli other than bacteria fungi can also cause the infection. Diagnosis to these infections encompasses few tests like urinalysis, urine microscopy. Analysis procedure differs to the aged people and it also difficult. Although urinary system has natural defense to this infection sometimes it fails to encounter. Remedy to this infection is antibiotics. Phenazopyridine is prescribed and which helps in decreasing burning sensation and urgency often felt during bladder infection. About 150 million people develop urinary tract infection each year. Women are more infected than male. They more often develop bacterial infection and they occur in the age of 16 to 35.

Track 12: Naturopathy  for Kidney Disease

There is a growing awareness among the people about health and fitness. People have started reviewing and questioning the modern lifestyle. They are more conscious about their diet and food supplements.  Most of the healthcare specialist strongly believes that numerous diseases to which people affected is due to wrong living habits and pollution in the environment.  Therefore natural way of treating disease is more accepted across the globe. Natural way of curing is an art of living healthy and drugless method of curing diseases. Infrared therapy is one of the most eminent methods to keep kidneys warm and it can be done through biomat while sleeping. It will keep kidneys warm all the night. Herbal medicines are very effective in treating the kidney diseases. Herbal medicines like Juniper Berry, Uva Ursi leaf are powerful cleanser of kidney and bladder.

Track 13: Nephrology Nursing

 Nephrology Nursing is a ponder push to build nursing learning by the disclosure of most recent certainties through orderly enquiry. It incorporates improvement in the patients care, decreased cost of kidney care provision, responsibility and assurance against suit. Expansion to the current collection of nursing learning improvement of nursing as a calling. Renal care nursing is the field of nursing with an attention on the most extraordinary thought of the discriminatingly wiped out or shaky perpetual kidney patients. Defilement repugnance and nursing thought is the control worried about dismissing nosocomial or well-being mindfulness related ailment, an utilitarian (instead of academic) sub-request of the investigation of ailment transmission. Youngsters' who require raised therapeutic thought are routinely surrendered into a remarkable district of the facility called the Neonatal genuine care and nursing thought. The piece of sponsorship in segregating nursing thought: Critical thought restorative specialists work in a wide arrangement of settings, filling various parts including bedside clinicians, orderly instructors, nursing experts, clinical nursing specialists, nursing directors and therapeutic chaperon experts. Estimations of Renal Care Nursing's central goal are to give orderlies correct, present and relevant information and cabin to surpass desires in separating thought practice.

Track 14: Genetics behind Kidney Disease

Some diseases inside the kidneys are due to the mutation in the single copy of gene. Humans have about 250000-30000 gene.  There might be mutation which affects the kidney and another one is due to hereditary traits which pass from one generation to another. Therefore if parents have kidney disease then there is chance that their children can also get kidney diseases at some point of time in their life. Whereas in the mutation case, single gene disorder in which single copy of gene gets mutated and will code for different protein. In polygenic disorder, multiple genes get mutated and code for wrong protein and cause disease. Single gene disorder is found 25% in children and 15% in adults. Monogenic (single gene disorder) has more genetic causality and high penetrance when compared with polygenic disorder. This low causality is due to weak correlation of genotype and phenotype. Dominant disease usually manifest in the adults e.g.: Autosomal Dominant polycystic Kidney disease. Whereas recessive disease usually appears prenatally in the childhood, in adolescence. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common inherited disease and is due to single copy mutation of gene. Many people with autosomal dominant pkd live for many decades without any symptoms. For this cognition autosomal pkd is often referred as “adult polycystic kidney disease”. There are several other inheritable genetic diseases which affect the kidney. 

Track 15: Biomarkers in  Kidney and Heart Disease

There is much similar symptoms arises in both coronary illness and kidney diseases. Both may give shortness of breath and chest trouble, and thusly it isn't stunning that biomarkers of extreme myocardial and renal disorder every now and again exist together in numerous specialist symptomatic works. The high event of cardiovascular events in interminable kidney sickness warrants a correct evaluation of danger went for reducing the activities of ailment and its results. The usage of biomarkers to perceive patients at high risk has been being utilized as a part of the general open for a drawn-out period of time and has become mixed reactions in the therapeutic gathering. A few specialists have ended up being staunch supporters and customers while others question the utility of biomarkers and from time to time gauge them. In Chronic Kidney Disease patients different markers like those used as a piece of the comprehensive group and others more specific to the uremic masses have risen; however their utility for routine clinical application remains to be totally delineated. The high recurrence of cardiovascular sickness (CVD) events and awkward mortality in patients with Kidney ailments with a sharp augmentation in chance as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decays underneath 60 mL/min/1.72 m2, offers a technique for thinking for better danger stratification in this people. A few conventional hazard factors and factors more immovably related to loss of (whiteness, oxidative nervousness, disturbance, and bone mineral issue) add to the high rate of cardiovascular complexities found in patients with CKD. Despite whether biomarkers help upgrade the unmistakable confirmation of patients in risk of cardiovascular events has been at the focal point of wide research in the comprehensive group and in patients with CKD.

Past Conference Report

The International Conference on Nephrology hosted by Conference Series LLC was successfully held during November 19-21, 2018 at Cape Town, South Africa and was marked with the presence of the committee members, senior scientists, young and brilliant researchers, business delegates and talented students from various countries, who made this conference successful and productive.

This conference highlighted the theme “Technological Advancements in Nephrology for Healthy Living” with the following scientific tracks:

·         Nephrology

·         Renal Transplantation & Multiple Organ Transplantation

·         Blood Purification Techniques

·         Diagnosis & Drugs used for Kidney Disease

·         Geriatric Nephrology

·         Pediatric Nephrology

·         Cardiovascular Nephropathy

·         Renal Cancer

·         Kidney Inflammation

·         Renal Nutrition & Metabolism

·         Urinary Tract Infection & Urology

·         Naturopathy  for Kidney Disease

·         Nephrology Nursing

·         Genetics behind Kidney Disease

·         Biomarkers in  Kidney and Heart Disease

·         Technological Advancements in Nephrology

·         Adrenal Gland

·         Renal Diseases

We are thankful to our Honourable guests: Ramesh B Naik from Spire Dunedin Hospital, the UK  for their generous support.

The conference proceedings were carried out through various Scientific Sessions and plenary lectures, of which the following were highlighted as Keynote presentations:

  • Title: Hormonal therapy in women: Renal adverse effects

          Sameh Mohamed Abouzeid, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Egypt

 

  •  Title: A role of Hypoxia-Signaling in diabetic kidney disease

·         Tetsuhiro Tanaka, University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan

 

  • Title: Prevention of renal pathology

          Margaret Williams, Nelson Mandela University, South Africa

Various sessions were chaired and co-chaired by: 

  • Sameh Mohamed Abouzeid, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Egypt
  • Tetsuhiro Tanaka, University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan

Conference Series LLC has taken the privilege of felicitating Nephrology Meet 2018 Organizing Committee, and Keynote Speakers who supported the event.

The esteemed guests, Keynote speakers, well-known researchers, and delegates shared their innovative research and vast experience through their fabulous presentations at the podium of the grand Nephrology Meet 2018 Conference. We are glad to inform that all accepted abstracts for the conference have been published in Conference Series LLC “Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics” as a special issue.

We are also obliged to various delegate experts, company representatives and other eminent personalities who supported the conference. We sincerely thank the Organizing Committee Members for their gracious presence, support, and assistance. With the unique feedback from the conference, Conference Series LLC would like to announce the commencement of the “2nd International Conference on Nephrology” to be held during November 18-19, 2019 at Dubai, UAE.

To Collaborate Scientific Professionals around the World

Conference Date November 18-19, 2019

For Sponsors & Exhibitors

sponsorships@conferenceseries.com

Speaker Opportunity

Past Conference Report

Supported By

Emergency Medicine: Open Access Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics Journal of Kidney

All accepted abstracts will be published in respective Conference Series LLC LTD International Journals.

Abstracts will be provided with Digital Object Identifier by


Keytopics

  • Abdominal Cavity
  • Acid-Base Disorders
  • Acute Kidney Injury
  • Acute Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis
  • Acute Renal Disease
  • Albumin-creatinine Ratio
  • Amyloidosis
  • Amyloidosis Nephrology
  • Analgesic Nephropathy
  • Angiography
  • Angiomyolipoma
  • Angiotensin Converting Enzyme
  • Antidiuretic Hormone
  • Antihypertensive Drugs
  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome
  • Apparent Mineralocorticoid Excess Syndrome
  • Aristolochic Acid Nephropathy
  • Arteriovenous Anastomosis (fistula)
  • Arteriovenous Fistula
  • Arterivenous Fistula
  • Artificial Kidney
  • Artificial Way Of Blood Purification
  • Athletic Nephritis
  • Autoimmune Disease
  • Autosomal Dominant Hypocalcemia
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Balkan Endemic Nephropathy
  • Bartter Syndrome
  • Beeturia
  • Benign Nephrosclerosis
  • Bile Cast Nephropathy
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Bladder Contamination
  • Bladder Rupture
  • Bladder Sphincter Dyssynergia
  • Bladder Tamponade
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Pressure Control
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Border-Crossers Nephropathy
  • Byetta And Renal Failure
  • C1q Nephropathy
  • Calcineurin Inhibitor Nephrotoxicity
  • Captopril†
  • Cardiologists Education
  • Cardionephrology
  • Cardiorenal Syndrome
  • Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Carfilzomib-Indiced Renal Injury
  • Causes Of Hypertension
  • Centers For Medicare And Medicaid Services (CMS)
  • Cherry Concentrate And Acute Kidney Injury
  • Chinese Herbal Medicines And Nephrotoxicity
  • Chinese Herbal Nephropathy
  • Chronic Dialysis
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Chronic Kidney Diseases
  • Ciliopathy
  • CKD And Obesity
  • Clinical Case Reports
  • Clinical Excellence
  • Clinical Nephrology
  • Cocaine And The Kidney
  • Colistin Nephrotoxicity
  • Collagenofibrotic Glomerulopathy
  • Collapsing Glomerulopathy
  • Community Health Workers
  • Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Congestive Renal Failure
  • Conorenal Syndrome
  • Contrast Nephropathy
  • Cortical Necrosis
  • Critical Care Nephrology
  • Crizotinib-related Acute Kidney Injury
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Dialysate†
  • Dialysis
  • Dialysis Adequacy
  • Dialysis Fluid
  • Diet For Kidney Health
  • Dietandnutrition
  • Diuretics Tablet
  • Drug Interactions
  • Drugs For Kidney Diseases
  • Ebola And The Kidney
  • Ectopic Kidney
  • Ectopic Ureter
  • Enalapril
  • End Stage Renal Disease
  • End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
  • End Stage Renal Diseases
  • Endocrine Hypertension
  • Endocrine System
  • Erythropoietin
  • Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR
  • Exner Syndrome
  • Fabrys Disease
  • Familial Hypocalciuric Hypercalcemia
  • Fanconi Syndrome
  • Fibrillary Glomerulonephritis
  • Fistula
  • Fosinopril†
  • Genetic Kidney Diseases
  • Genotype-Phenotype Correlation
  • Geriatric Nephrology
  • Geriatric Nephrology
  • Gestational Hypertension
  • Giant Cell Arteritis With Kidney Involvement
  • Gitelman Syndrome
  • Glomerular Diseases
  • Glomerular Disorders
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
  • Glomerular Hypertension
  • Glomerular Ischemia
  • Glomerular Tubular Reflux
  • GlomerularHyperfiltration
  • Glomeruli Injury
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Glomerulopathy
  • Grawitz’s Tumor
  • Haemodialysis
  • Harvoni-Induced Renal Injury
  • Health Care
  • Health Care Management
  • Health Nutrition
  • Health Professionals
  • Healthcare
  • Healthcare Consumer†
  • Healthcare Systems
  • Heart Failure
  • Hemodiafilteration
  • Hemodiafiltration
  • Hemodialysis
  • Hemodialyzer
  • Hepatorenal Syndrome
  • Herbal Supplements And Kidney Disease
  • High Altitude Renal Syndrome
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Blood Pressure And Kidney Disease
  • HIV-Associated Immune Complex Kidney Disease
  • HIV-Associated Nephropathy
  • Horseshoe Kidney
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA)
  • Hyperaldosteronism
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertension Diagnosis
  • Hypertension Diet
  • Hypertension Management
  • Hypertension Risk Factor
  • Hypertensive Kidney Disease
  • Hypertensive Renal Damage
  • Hypokalemia-induced Renal Dysfunction
  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis
  • Ifosfamide Nephrotoxicity
  • IgA Nephropathy
  • IgANephropathy
  • IgG4 Nephropathy
  • Illegal Organ Trade
  • Immunization
  • Immunologic Deregulation
  • Immunotactoid Glomerulopathy
  • Inflammatory Markers
  • Infliximab-Related Renal Disease
  • Internal Medicine
  • Interstitial Cystitis
  • Interstitial Nephritis
  • Interventional Nephrology
  • Intestinal Dialysis
  • Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIg)
  • Intrinsic Renal Failure
  • Ischemic Heart Diseases
  • JC Virus Nephropathy
  • Ketamine-Associated Bladder Dysfunction
  • Kidney & Bladder Stones
  • Kidney And Bladder Stones
  • Kidney Biopsy
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Kidney Diet†Specialist
  • Kidney Disease Related To Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Kidney Disorders
  • Kidney Failure
  • Kidney Paired Donation
  • Kidney Pancreas Transplant
  • Kidney Replacement Therapies
  • Kidney Stones
  • Kidney Stones, Nephrolithiasis
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Laparoscopy
  • Leptospirosis Renal Disease
  • Lipoprotein Glomerulopathy
  • Lisinopril†
  • Lithium Nephrotoxicity
  • Lupus Kidney Disease
  • Lupus Nephritis
  • Lysinuric Protein Intolerance
  • Lysozyme Nephropathy
  • Malakoplakia
  • Malarial Nephropathy
  • Malignancy-Associated Renal Disease
  • Malignant Hypertension
  • McKittrick-Wheelock Syndrome
  • Meatal Stenosis
  • Medical Biotechnology
  • Medical Nutrition
  • Medical Trials
  • Medicine
  • Medullary Cystic Kidney Disease
  • Medullary Sponge Kidney
  • Melamine Toxicity And The Kidney
  • Membranous Nephropathy
  • Methotrexate-related Renal Failure
  • Mimicking IgA Nephropathy
  • Mineral And Bone Disorders
  • Monoclonal Gammopathy Of Renal Significance
  • Multi Organ Transplantation
  • Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney
  • Muscle Cramps
  • Myeloproliferative Neoplasms And Glomerulopathy
  • Naproxen†
  • Naturopathic Remedies
  • Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus
  • Nephrectomy
  • Nephritis
  • Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis
  • Nephrology
  • Nephrology Nursing
  • Nephronophthisis
  • Nephropathic Cystinosis
  • Nephrotoxicity
  • Neurogenic Bladder
  • Nodular Glomerulosclerosis
  • Non-Gonococcal Urethritis
  • Nursing Management Of Hypertension
  • Nutrients†
  • Nutritional Therapy
  • Obesity And Hypertension
  • Onconephrology
  • Organ Donor
  • Organ-specific Failure
  • Orotic Aciduria
  • Osmotic Diuresis
  • Parkinson's Case Report
  • Pediatric Cardiologist
  • Pediatric Hypertension
  • Pediatric Kidney Diseases
  • Pediatric Kidney Transplantation
  • Pediatric Nephrology
  • Pediatric Nephrology
  • Pelvic Kidney
  • Perioperative Management Of Hypertension
  • Peritoneal Dialysis
  • Peritoneal Dialysis Catheters
  • Peritonealcavity
  • Peritoneoscope
  • Peritoneoscopic Technique
  • Physicians
  • Plasmaphersis
  • Postrenal Acute Renal Failure
  • Primary Care
  • Proliferative Glomerulonephritis
  • Protein Equivalent Of Nitrogen Appearance
  • Proteinuria
  • Proton Pump Inhibitor
  • Pruritus
  • Pseudohypobicarbonatemia
  • Public Health
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Pyonephrosis
  • Radiology Laboratories
  • Ramipril†
  • Ranolazine And The Kidney
  • Renal Care
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Renal Cyst
  • Renal Disease
  • Renal Fibrosis
  • Renal Hypouricemia
  • Renal Infarction
  • Renal Medicine
  • Renal Osteodystrophy
  • Renal Pathology-Immunology
  • Renal Plexus
  • Renal Replacement Therapy
  • Renal Supplements
  • Renal Thrombotic Microangiopathy
  • Renal Transplantation
  • Renal Tubular Acidosis
  • Renal Tubulointerstitial Fibrosis
  • Renal Ultrasonography
  • Renin Secreting Tumors
  • Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone
  • Residual Renal Function
  • Retrocaval Ureter
  • Retroperitoneal Fibrosis
  • Sarcoidosis Renal Disease
  • Schimke Immuno-osseous Dysplasia
  • Schistosomiasis And Glomerular Disease
  • Scleroderma Renal Crisis
  • Scribner
  • Scribnerís Shunt
  • Sickle Cell Nephropathy
  • Sphygmomanometer
  • Stages Of Kidney Diseases
  • Stroke
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematous
  • Tenofovir Nephrotoxicity
  • The Kidney And Heart Link
  • The Renal Failure Stage
  • Thin Basement Membrane Disease
  • Thrombotic Microangiopathy
  • Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Tubo-interstitial Nephritis
  • Tubular And Interstitial Diseases
  • Tubular Dysgenesis
  • Tubulointerstitial Disorders
  • Tubulointerstitial Kidney Disease
  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome
  • Tunneled Dialysis Catheters
  • Ultrasonography
  • Ultrasonography Of Kidneys
  • Uremia
  • Uremic Optic Neuropathy
  • Ureteritis Cystica
  • Ureterocele
  • Urethral Cancer
  • Urethral Caruncle
  • Urethral Stricture
  • Urethritis
  • Urinalysis
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Urinary Tract Obstruction
  • Urogenital Fistula
  • Urogenital Neoplasm
  • Urology
  • Urothelial Cell Carcinoma
  • Urothelial Tumors
  • Vasodilator
  • Vasomotor Nephropathy
  • Vesicointestinal Fistula
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux
  • Vitamin D And Hypertension
  • Volatile Anesthetics And Acute Kidney Injury
  • Waldenstroms Macroglobulinemic Glomerulonephritis
  • Warfarin-Related Nephropathy
  • Wegeners Granulomatosis
  • Wunderlich Syndrome
  • Zellweger Syndrome